A global team of researchers led by Dr. Assaf Distelfeld of Tel Aviv
University has published the first-ever
of Wild Emmer
the original form of nearly all domesticated wheat in the world, including
durum and bread wheat.
Together with researchers and scientists from institutions around the world,
the team has created a 'time tunnel' that can be used to examine wheat from
before the origins of agriculture. The new resource has enabled the team to
identify a number of genes that control the main traits that early humans
selected in domesticating wheat. The genes will be used in future wheat
The team has assembled the very large and complex genome found in Wild
Emmer's 14 chromosomes, and for the first time, the sequences are collapsed
into a refined order. Dr. Distelfeld concludes, "We now have the tools to
study crops directly and to make and apply our discoveries more efficiently
than ever before."