The genome of tulip (Tulipa gesneriana) has been sequenced by scientists
from three Dutch organizations namely BaseClear, Generade, and Dümmen
Orange. Cracking the genome of tulip will help scientists to breed better
tulips, and produce them faster and more sustainable.
The genome of tulip is the biggest genome that has ever been sequenced. Its
size is estimated at approximately 34 giga base pairs, nearly 11 times
larger than that of humans. "The tulip genome makes the human genome look
tiny: the entire human genome fits into one tulip chromosome," said Hans van
den Heuvel, Dümmen Orange R&D director. Even if the tulip genome is huge,
the sequencing which started only in May 2017, was completed in a short
time. This shows that modern technologies has hasten up the sequencing of
genomes, which used to take several years.