Calyno oil represents the first cultivated plant that used gene-editing and
was commercialized. Compared to oil from conventional soybeans, Calyno oil
contains less saturated fatty acids and healthier oleic acid.
In gene regulation, techniques such as mutation, selection, hybridization,
and classical breeding have been done to breed new genotypes that are able
to adapt to changing environmental conditions. However, for decades now,
artificial mutations using radioactive rays have allowed plant breeders to
develop thousands of varieties of genotypes. New plant breeding innovations
such as CRISPR are used as part of gene regulation. Using this method, no
transfer of genes from external species are needed like it is with GMOs.
Instead, a target gene is manipulated using DNA-cutting enzymes, creating
Before GMO crops are released for the consumption of the public, the crops
first undergo health and environment safety tests, making the whole process
of commercialization very expensive. On the other hand, genotypes developed
from gene editing cost about a tenth of developing GMOs. This allows
low-budget startups, universities and public institutions to get involved.
This opportunity led to crop gene editing projects to rise globally.