Wild Tomato Shows Better Resistance to Bacterial Canker Than Cultivated Varieties
Scientists from Cornell University reported in Bacteriology journal that
wild tomato varieties are more resistant to bacterial canker than the
traditionally cultivated varieties. They aimed at understanding how bacteria
spread and colonize in wild tomatoes compared to the cultivated tomatoes.
They zeroed in on the plants' vascular systems, particularly in their xylem
which transports water and nutrients from the soil to other parts of the
plant. They found that in cultivated tomatoes, the bacterial canker spreads
in all parts of the plants, unlike in wild plants where the bacteria remain
in specific xylem vessels without moving much into the tissues nearby.
The study was the first one to confirm that wild tomatoes are susceptible to
bacterial canker, though the infection is less severe than in cultivated
varieties. It was also observed that fruit symptom severity was in some
cases unrelated to the severity of symptoms during vascular infection, which
may imply that there are various mechanisms for colonization of different