Nonexpressor of pathogenesis-related gene 1 (NPR1) has been known as one of
the master regulators in the plant defense response to pathogens. However,
its role in plant's response to abiotic stress still needs more exploration.
Thus, scientists from
s/download/Facts%20and%20Trends%20-%20China-2017.pdf> China Agricultural
University in Beijing, investigated the role of NPR1 in response to biotic
and abiotic stresses in tomato, which is the fourth most economical crop
The researchers isolated the SlNPR1 from tomato and generated slnpr1 mutants
using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. Analysis results indicated that SlNPR1 could
be involved in tomato plant's response to drought stress. SlNPR1 was found
to be expressed in all plant tissues, and it was strongly induced by drought
stress. Thus, the researchers dug deeper to reveal the function of SlNPR1 in
tomato plant drought tolerance.
The findings revealed that slnpr1 mutants exhibited reduced drought
tolerance with increased stomatal aperture, higher electrolytic leakage,
malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels, and lower
activity levels of antioxidantenzymes, compared to wild type plants.
Based on the results, the researchers concluded that SlNPR1 could be
involved in regulating drought response in tomato.